Once on the ground, Tiana—26, athletic, and in good health—reports sharp pain when she tries to take a deep breath. She is nauseous, with a mild headache and a sore, stiff neck; she cannot remember her fall. The ribs on her lower left side are very tender; Tiana winces and has trouble catching her breath when you touch them. Her pulse rate is 88 and regular, her respiratory rate is 22 and easy and her skin is slightly pale underneath her tan.
What is wrong with Tiana and what should you do about it? Click here to find out.
Don't know where to begin or what to do? Take one of our wilderness medicine courses. Guides and expedition leaders should consider taking our Wilderness First Responder course.